The Inuit Experiment
The Inuits of Northwest Greenland are incredibly healthy. They may succumb to the cold or be eaten by polar bears, but it is almost certain that they will never die from obesity.
Place a group of Westerners under the same conditions and they will almost certainly succumb to the cold or be eaten by polar bears – if they are not accompanied by Inuits. But they are also likely to become diabetic or suffer from arteriosclerosis caused by fatty diets. What accounts for this difference?
A group of scientists sets out to solve the riddle of obesity. In the most thorough experiment involving living human beings in history, 16 Westerners and 8 Inuits spent 6 weeks on the sea ice off Thule in Northwestern Greenland.
Prior to the expedition they had been subjected to extensive and painful tests. And once on the ice, they must walk 8 hours a day, carrying loads of 80 kilos each, and endure 6 weeks of temperatures of minus 30 degrees. In addition to these physical hardships, they face endless, often monotonous hours on unstable.